WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens:
JUSTICE, social, economic and political;
LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;
EQUALITY of status and of opportunity;
and to promote among them all
FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation;
IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION
Purpose of Having a Preamble:
The Preamble to our Constitution serves two purposes: -
A) It indicates the source from which the Constitution derives its authority;
B) It also states the objects, which the Constitution seeks to establish and promote.
The Preamble seeks to establish what Mahatma Gandhi described as The India of my Dreams, "…an India in which the poorest shall feel that it is their country in whose making they have an effective voice; …an India in which all communities shall live in perfect harmony. There can be no room in such an India for the curse of untouchability or the curse of Intoxicating drinks and drugs. Woman will enjoy as the same rights as man."
The Keynote of the Preamble was to emphasize the positive aspect, “the unity of the Nation”, as much as the “dignity of the individual”. “Dignity” was a work of moral and spiritual import: it implied an obligation on the part of the Union to respect the personality of the citizen and to create condition in which every citizen would be a sovereign in himself and will cherish and fulfill his desire of self-fulfillments and self-satisfaction
It must be noted that the Supreme Court may have power to strike down a legislation as unconstitutional, but still it derives its powers from the Constitution. If one reads the source of the Constitution, it starts with a declaration “WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India in a Sovereign…..”. Thus, it is not the Court, the CJI, the PM, the President who has declared the Constitution, but it is we, the sovereign citizens, the people of this Nation, who in exercise of their powers, have declared this nation as a Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic, Republic. All others including the CJI, PM, CM, MP, MLA, PRESIDENT are under this constitution and not over it. It is we, who have ourselves decided to subject our own selves to the Judiciary and law. This does not mean that we have empowered any one to be a Constitutional Authority, and those who claim so, are living in the world of illusions, and must be shown the mirror of truth. Truth is painful and bitter for one or a handful, but gives peace of mind to all, as we feel save under the umbrella of truth and are sure that our dignity and life will not be snatched.
We have put Justice before liberty and equality. This is because the drafters were well conscious that unless there is Justice, liberty is meaningless and would not survive for truth but will be a weapon of destruction. They were sure that once Justice and liberty is there, equality will blossom automatically, as Justice is the seed, Liberty is the tree and equality is the flower of the tree. Naturally, last but not least fraternity is the sweet and cherished fruit of this tree.
This is to remind you all and myself that we have forgotten who we are. We have forgotten the best gift we got at the time of independence and have started living the life of slaves of our own “PUBLIC SERVANTS”. This is to remind you that you were born free, born independent, born with right of Justice first followed by liberty, equality and Fraternity.
Please rise tomorrow and remind your self of this preamble and remind your mind and soul that you are the person who controls everything, you are a sovereign citizen, and have a right to Justice and no one can stop you. If the person claims to be too powerful, then go back to the preamble and read the message to him and yourself also, “WE THE PEOPLE........”, calling us to unite and fight, and enjoy the services of our “RESPECTED AND HONOURED PUBLIC SERVANTS” and not be subjected to them.
Prepared by SIDDHARTH MURARKA advocate High court
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